Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs)

Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs) are growing in number and has become a major cause for concern. They are much more dangerous than community acquired infections because bacteria isolated from healthcare settings are known to be resistant to multiple antibiotics as compared to their community strains. In India, the HAI incidence in ICUs is up to 30%. In the USA, around 1.7 million HAIs occur each year with up to 99,000 people losing their lives. In the developing nations, it is anywhere between 5%-19%. Considering that most of the hospital associated costs are borne out-of-pocket by the patients, it becomes a moral obligation to counter this potentially preventable condition. One of several factors that contribute to HAIs is healthcare personnel behavior, especially hand hygiene practices. This study proposes to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and behavior of healthcare personnel including doctors and nurses with regard to infection control. The study will evaluate the utility value of a technology-based intervention to observe the behavior of healthcare personnel and try to correlate that with HAI rate.