Publications

Integrated Cognitive Behavioral Intervention Reduces Intimate Partner Violence Among Alcohol Dependent Men, and Improves Mental Health Outcomes in their Spouses: A Clinic Based Randomized Controlled Trial from South India

Authors : Satyanarayana VA, Nattala P, Selvam S, Pradeep J, Hebbani S, Hegde S, Srinivasan K
Publication Year : 2016
Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND AIM:
Alcohol abuse has been associated with intimate partner violence (IPV). The current study examined the effectiveness of an integrated cognitive-behavioral intervention (ICBI) in reducing intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration among alcohol dependent men, and improving mental health outcomes among their wives and children.

METHODS:
One hundred seventy-seven alcohol dependent male inpatients who screened positive for IPV perpetration in the last 6months were randomly assigned to receive ICBI which addressed both the alcohol use and IPV (n=88), or TAU (TAU: treatment as usual) (n=89). The ICBI sessions were attended by the patients alone. All patients and their spouses were followed up over 3months following discharge from the treatment centre.

RESULTS:
Compared to TAU participants in the ICBI group reported significantly lower IPV perpetration, and their wives scored significantly lower on depression, anxiety, and stress levels at 3-month follow up. Alcohol consumption in the men and emotional and behavioral problems in their children were not significantly different between the groups, from baseline to follow up.

CONCLUSIONS:
Findings demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of an ICBI which addressed both the IPV and alcohol use in a coordinated manner in a vulnerable sample.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26965174