Estimating lysine bioavailability of Indian vegetarian meal using indicator amino acid oxidation method in adults (Funded by: Indian Council of Medical Research)

Lysine rich foods such as legumes serve as important food additions to the lysine deficient cereal-based diets of vegetarian populations in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to alleviate the risk of quality corrected dietary protein inadequacy. The study intended to measure the bioavailability of lysine from a combination of cereal: legume based vegetarian meal as habitually consumed, using indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method in seven healthy adults. The bioavailability of lysine in vegetarian meal was found to be 86.6% which can be used to optimize lysine limited cereal-based diets to meet the protein requirement. The estimates can further inform dietary interventions and supplementary nutrition programs to meet protein requirements in vulnerable populations.

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