Productivity losses among individuals with common mental illness and comorbid cardiovascular disease in rural Karnataka, India

Authors : Fathima FN, Kahn JG, Srinivasan K, Ekstrand M

Publication Year : 2019

Abstract :

CONTEXT:
Common mental disorders (CMD) and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) frequently co?occur. Productivity losses due to these diseases are substantial in high?income countries. Similar data from the developing world are lacking.

AIMS:
This study aims to quantify productivity losses among individuals with comorbid CMD and CVD in rural Karnataka, India.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN:
A cross?sectional study was done among patients with a dual diagnosis of a comorbid CMD and CVD in a district in Karnataka, India.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:
Three hundred and three patients were administered the iMTA Productivity Cost Questionnaire to measure losses of productivity at paid work (absenteeism and presenteeism) and unpaid work.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED:
Valuation of productivity losses was done by multiplying the number of days of lost productivity by the standard value of productivity based on the minimum wage for agricultural work.

RESULTS:
Among individuals with dual CMD and CVD, 76% had productivity losses. These losses were higher at unpaid (62%) than at paid work (32%). At paid work, losses due to presenteeism were greater than those due to absenteeism. The total days of productivity loss were 1204, amounting to 14.2% of the available person?days. The total productivity loss among 303 individuals with mental illness and comorbid CVD over a 4?week period amounted to 30.3 INR (0.47 USD) per person per day, representing 9.9% of total potential productivity.

CONCLUSIONS:
Productivity losses due to common mental illnesses and CVDs are high. There is a need to conduct more studies in this field.