Awareness of the Use of Standard Precautions during Care of People Living with HIV by Ward Attendants in Indian Hospitals

Authors : Ryan Fernandez, Tony D. S. Raj, Elsa Heylen, Laura Nyblade,2 Dhinagaran Devadass, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, and Maria L. Ekstrand.

Publication Year : 2022

Abstract :

doi: 10.4103/ijcm.ijcm_1339_21
 

Abstract

Context:

Standard precautions (SP) are infection prevention practices universally used during patient care to lower infection transmission.

Aims:

The aim of the study was to (1) assess Indian ward attendants' (WAs) knowledge, perceived efficacy, and self-efficacy regarding SP and (2) examine correlates of SP self-efficacy and intent to use unnecessary precautions during care of people living with HIV.

Subjects and Methods:

Data are sourced from a face-to-face baseline survey of a stigma-reduction trial among 1859 WAs from Indian hospitals. Percentages were used to describe categorical variables means and standard deviations for continuous variables. Multiple regressions examined associations between measures.

Results:

WAs who had heard of SP had 44% higher odds of confidently using SP than those who had not heard of them. Those aware of universal SP use were 43% more likely to feel confident in using SP but also reported greater intent to use unnecessary precautions.

Conclusions:

Hospitals could implement SP training for WAs, as their knowledge of universal use was lacking.

Keywords: Self-efficacy, standard precaution, ward attendants

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8971887/